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Khronos technology developer resources * APIs
* Vulkan
* OpenCL

Vulkan alternatives

  • OpenGL

  • OpenGL is the premier environment for developing portable, interactive 2D and 3D graphics applications. Since its introduction in 1992, OpenGL has become the industry's most widely used and supported 2D and 3D graphics application programming interface (API), bringing thousands of applications to a wide variety of computer platforms. OpenGL fosters innovation and speeds application development by incorporating a broad set of rendering, texture mapping, special effects, and other powerful visualization functions. Developers can leverage the power of OpenGL across all popular desktop and workstation platforms, ensuring wide application deployment. »

    tags: cross-platform development graphics khronos simulation
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux BSD Haiku
  • SDL

  • Simple DirectMedia Layer is a cross-platform multimedia library designed to provide low level access to audio, keyboard, mouse, joystick, 3D hardware via OpenGL, and 2D video framebuffer. It is used by MPEG playback software, emulators, and many popular games, including the award winning Linux port of "Civilization: Call To Power."

    tags: development games graphics library
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux Windows Mobile iPhone Symbian S60 BSD iPad Haiku
  • Microsoft DirectX

  • Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.

    tags: Bundleware development direct-input direct-setup direct3d
    platform: Windows Bundleware
  • WebGL

  • WebGL is a cross-platform, royalty-free web standard for a low-level 3D graphics API based on OpenGL ES 2.0, exposed through the HTML5 Canvas element as Document Object Model interfaces. Developers familiar with OpenGL ES 2.0 will recognize WebGL as a Shader-based API using GLSL, with constructs that are semantically similar to those of the underlying OpenGL ES 2.0 API. It stays very close to the OpenGL ES 2.0 specification, with some concessions made for what developers expect out of memory-managed languages such as JavaScript. »

    tags: graphic-api graphics html5 javascript-library opengl
    platform: Online
  • GLFW

  • GLFW is an Open Source, multi-platform library for OpenGL, OpenGL ES and Vulkan development on the desktop. It provides a simple API for creating windows, contexts and surfaces, receiving input and events.

    tags: development game-creation game-engine gamepad-support library
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux BSD
  • Allegro

  • Allegro 4 and Allegro 5 are cross-platform, libraries mainly aimed at video game and multimedia programming. They handle common, low-level tasks such as creating windows, accepting user input, loading data, drawing images, playing sounds, etc. and generally abstracting away the underlying platform. However, Allegro is not a game engine: you are free to design and structure your program as you like.

    tags: development game-development graphics library
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux iPhone
  • PyOpenGL

  • Python bindings for OpenGL API.

    tags: api cross-platform development games graphics
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux
  • ModernGL

  • OpenGL is a great environment for developing portable, platform independent, interactive 2D and 3D graphics applications. The API implementation in Python is cumbersome, resulting in applications with high latency. To solve this problem we have developed ModernGL, a wrapper over OpenGL that simplifies the creation of simple graphics applications like scientific simulations, small games or user interfaces. Usually, acquiring in-depth knowledge of OpenGL requires a steep learning curve. In contrast, ModernGL is easy to learn and use, moreover it is capable of rendering with the same performance and quality, with less code written. »

    tags: Portable opengl python
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux
  • Crystal Space

  • Crystal Space is a mature, full-featured Software Development Kit (SDK) providing real-time 3D graphics for applications such as games and virtual reality. It is free (LGPL) and cross-platform (Windows, GNU/Linux, Mac OS X).

    tags: Discontinued dev dev-lib dev-libraries dev-library
    platform: Mac OS X Windows Linux Discontinued